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  • richardmitnick 2:39 pm on July 18, 2021 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: "Fermilab and INFN sign 3 arrangements", , , , FNAL Short Baseline Neutrino Program, , , , , PIP-II   

    From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US) : “Fermilab and INFN sign 3 arrangements” 

    FNAL Art Image
    FNAL Art Image by Angela Gonzales

    From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US) , an enduring source of strength for the US contribution to scientific research worldwide.

    July 16, 2021
    Hema Ramamoorthi

    [I do not usually cover these sort of contractual news articles; but this is a big deal for both parties. This actually strengthens the U.S. position in Particle Physics and High Energy Physics which we ceded to Europe when our idiots cancelled the Superconducting Super Collider and allowed the finding of the Higgs Boson at the Large Hdron Collider, which was at 14TeV about one third the power the SSC would have achieved. Our overall position in HEP is still strong but under the radar: many of the superconducting magnets for the LHC are built at DOE’s Brookhaven, Lawrence Berkeley, and Fermi National Laboratories. Also, there are 600 scentists on the Atlas(CH) project at Brookhaven and 1,000 scientists on CMS[CH] at Fermilab, and there are other noted scientists in our universities who do work at and for the LHC. Sorry, for the editorial, but as a science commmunicator, keeping the record straight is my job. I do not write any science as I am not any kind of scientist, but I take science news to over 1,000 readers all over the world and I want to do a good and complete job. Keeping the U.S. position in the Basic and Applied Sciences portrayed accurately is my chosen field.

    This is a great contractual agreement for both parties, on a par with all of the contractual agreements surrounding the development of SKA and SARAO. ]

    1
    Fermilab Director Nigel Lockyer (left) and INFN President Antonio Zoccoli sign the three arrangements. Credit: Fermilab and INFN.

    The U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory signed three international arrangements in June with the National Institute for Nuclear Physics, known as INFN, the Italian research agency dedicated to the study of the fundamental constituents of matter and the laws that govern them. Under the supervision of the MIUR – Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (IT), the INFN conducts theoretical and experimental research in the fields of subnuclear, nuclear, particle and astroparticle physics.

    The three arrangements include:

    a Multi-Institutional Memorandum of Understanding for the FNAL Short Baseline Neutrino Program hosted at Fermilab;
    a Project Planning Document for the PIP-II particle accelerator project at Fermilab; and
    a legally binding agreement with INFN -National Laboratory of Frascati [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati] (IT) to develop a superconducting undulator for the EuPRAXIA advanced accelerator project.

    “Our INFN partners are internationally recognized leaders in advanced particle accelerator technologies in general and superconducting radio-frequency technology in particular,” said PIP-II Project Director Lia Merminga. “Fermilab and the PIP-II project are grateful to INFN for their expertise and contributions in building a state-of-the-art particle accelerator powering the world’s most intense neutrino beam. These contributions will help drive groundbreaking discoveries in particle physics for the next 50 years.”

    See the full article here.


    five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    Stem Education Coalition

    Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Since 2007, Fermilab has been operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, a joint venture of the University of Chicago, and the Universities Research Association (URA). Fermilab is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor.

    Fermilab’s Tevatron was a landmark particle accelerator; until the startup in 2008 of the Large Hadron Collider(CH) near Geneva, Switzerland, it was the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, accelerating antiprotons to energies of 500 GeV, and producing proton-proton collisions with energies of up to 1.6 TeV, the first accelerator to reach one “tera-electron-volt” energy. At 3.9 miles (6.3 km), it was the world’s fourth-largest particle accelerator in circumference. One of its most important achievements was the 1995 discovery of the top quark, announced by research teams using the Tevatron’s CDF and DØ detectors. It was shut down in 2011.

    In addition to high-energy collider physics, Fermilab hosts fixed-target and neutrino experiments, such as MicroBooNE (Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment), NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) and SeaQuest. Completed neutrino experiments include MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search), MINOS+, MiniBooNE and SciBooNE (SciBar Booster Neutrino Experiment). The MiniBooNE detector was a 40-foot (12 m) diameter sphere containing 800 tons of mineral oil lined with 1,520 phototube detectors. An estimated 1 million neutrino events were recorded each year. SciBooNE sat in the same neutrino beam as MiniBooNE but had fine-grained tracking capabilities. The NOνA experiment uses, and the MINOS experiment used, Fermilab’s NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam, which is an intense beam of neutrinos that travels 455 miles (732 km) through the Earth to the Soudan Mine in Minnesota and the Ash River, Minnesota, site of the NOνA far detector. In 2017, the ICARUS neutrino experiment was moved from CERN to Fermilab.
    In the public realm, Fermilab is home to a native prairie ecosystem restoration project and hosts many cultural events: public science lectures and symposia, classical and contemporary music concerts, folk dancing and arts galleries. The site is open from dawn to dusk to visitors who present valid photo identification.
    Asteroid 11998 Fermilab is named in honor of the laboratory.
    Weston, Illinois, was a community next to Batavia voted out of existence by its village board in 1966 to provide a site for Fermilab.

    The laboratory was founded in 1969 as the National Accelerator Laboratory; it was renamed in honor of Enrico Fermi in 1974. The laboratory’s first director was Robert Rathbun Wilson, under whom the laboratory opened ahead of time and under budget. Many of the sculptures on the site are of his creation. He is the namesake of the site’s high-rise laboratory building, whose unique shape has become the symbol for Fermilab and which is the center of activity on the campus.
    After Wilson stepped down in 1978 to protest the lack of funding for the lab, Leon M. Lederman took on the job. It was under his guidance that the original accelerator was replaced with the Tevatron, an accelerator capable of colliding protons and antiprotons at a combined energy of 1.96 TeV. Lederman stepped down in 1989. The science education center at the site was named in his honor.
    The later directors include:

    John Peoples, 1989 to 1996
    Michael S. Witherell, July 1999 to June 2005
    Piermaria Oddone, July 2005 to July 2013
    Nigel Lockyer, September 2013 to the present

    Fermilab continues to participate in the work at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC); it serves as a Tier 1 site in the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid.

    DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory(US)/MINERvA Reidar Hahn.

    FNAL Don Lincoln.

    FNAL Icon

     
  • richardmitnick 5:58 pm on December 16, 2020 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: "Major upgrade to Fermilab accelerator complex gets green light", , , , , , , PIP-II, The centerpiece of the PIP-II project is its superconducting linear accelerator.   

    From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory: “Major upgrade to Fermilab accelerator complex gets green light” 

    FNAL Art Image
    FNAL Art Image by Angela Gonzales

    From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory , an enduring source of strength for the US contribution to scientific research world wide.

    December 16, 2020
    Leah Hesla, Fermilab
    media@fnal.gov
    630-840-3351

    The U.S. Department of Energy has formally approved the scope, schedule and cost of the PIP-II project at DOE’s Fermilab.

    The approval, known as Critical Decision 2 or CD-2, is an endorsement of Fermilab’s detailed, formal plan for building the PIP-II accelerator, a high-power, superconducting machine that will become the heart of the laboratory accelerator complex.

    PIP-II, the only particle accelerator project in the United States with significant contributions from international partners, will send megawatt-scale proton beams — 60% higher than what Fermilab currently provides — to the lab’s experiments. The high beam power is especially important for the international Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, hosted by Fermilab, where scientists will study difficult-to-detect subatomic particles called neutrinos, which could provide clues about the evolution of the universe. PIP-II’s powerful beams will provide researchers with an abundance of these mysterious particles to study for decades to come.

    1
    The PIP-II project received CD-2 approval from the U.S. Department of Energy this month. When complete, it will provide more powerful beams of protons to Fermilab experiments. This rendering shows the site of the PIP-II complex, just above and to the left of the 15-story Wilson Hall. Credit: Fermilab.

    The PIP-II team designed the program to be versatile, capable of providing customized proton beams to multiple experiments and thus serving a broad range of particle physics research.

    “This major approval milestone is the culmination of years of hard work by a large group of excellent people across 11.5 time zones,” said PIP-II Project Director Lia Merminga of Fermilab. “It is tremendously gratifying to see their efforts being recognized and thrilling to dream about all the great science PIP-II will enable.”

    The centerpiece of the PIP-II project is its superconducting linear accelerator.

    Front end of the PIP-II linear accelerator at FNAL. Photo by Reidar Hahn.

    As the proton beam bolts down its 215-meter length, it picks up energy until it reaches 800 million electronvolts, about 84% of the speed of light. It then hands off the beam to the next accelerator in the lab’s accelerator chain or to one of the lab’s experiments.


    Fermilab’s new accelerator

    “Fermilab and its partners are building a state-of-the-art machine with PIP-II that will ensure that the U.S. remains at the forefront of discovery in particle physics for decades to come,” said Chris Fall, director of DOE’s Office of Science. “By fostering international collaboration, we’re realizing the value of global partnerships in science today and for future generations.”

    PIP-II institutional partners are contributing both components and expertise to the accelerator’s construction. These include institutions in France, India, Italy, Poland and the United Kingdom.

    “PIP-II is a truly global scientific undertaking that will usher in a new era of research and discovery in particle physics,” said Fermilab Director Nigel Lockyer. “Every member in the international collaboration played a part in creating the PIP-II plan, and their collective efforts are what made this CD-2 approval possible. I congratulate Lia Merminga and the absolutely superb PIP-II team on this achievement.”

    Learn more about PIP-II.

    See the full here.


    five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    Stem Education Coalition

    FNAL Icon

    Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a US Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Fermilab is America’s premier laboratory for particle physics and accelerator research, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. Thousands of scientists from universities and laboratories around the world
    collaborate at Fermilab on experiments at the frontiers of discovery.

     
  • richardmitnick 6:23 am on December 21, 2016 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , PIP-II   

    From FNAL: “PIP-II progress: working toward CD-1” 

    FNAL II photo

    FNAL Art Image
    FNAL Art Image by Angela Gonzales

    Fermilab is an enduring source of strength for the US contribution to scientific research world wide.

    December 16, 2016
    Steve Holmes

    1
    Steve Holmes

    Reviews are sometimes viewed as one of the more onerous costs of doing business at Fermilab. But they are also a measure of progress, especially with projects that are coming to life within the DOE system.

    So it is with PIP-II. The first Independent Project Review of the PIP-II project since achieving formal project status within DOE was conducted from Nov. 15-16 at Fermilab. The DOE review committee came to assess progress within the PIP-II R&D program and through the more formalized project activities aimed at the next step: Critical Decision-1 (CD-1).

    Both Fermilab staff and our collaborators from the Indian Department of Atomic Energy laboratories presented at the review. These talks centered around the Conceptual Design Report — describing the 800-MeV superconducting linac that is the centerpiece of PIP-II, along with improvements to the existing accelerators required to provide 1.2 megawatts of beam power at the time of startup of the LBNF/DUNE program in the middle of the next decade.

    FNAL LBNF/DUNE from FNAL to SURF
    FNAL LBNF/DUNE from FNAL to SURF

    We highlighted progress on a broad front, encompassing the PIP-II Injector Test (PIP2IT) facility, the superconducting RF program, and studies and simulations in the existing accelerators. We also covered the Resource Loaded Schedule, Preliminary Project Execution Plan, Cost Estimate and the Joint R&D Plan with India.

    The review committee concluded that the project is ahead of pace on the technical development but somewhat behind pace on the project development aspects of getting to CD-1. The PIP-II project felt this was a fair conclusion, and we are developing a plan to complete all required elements for CD-1 over the next seven months. This would allow us to achieve a formal CD-1 in the fall of 2017 – our established goal, which would keep pace with the requirements of sustaining a world-leading intensity frontier program at Fermilab.

    Steve Holmes is the project manager for PIP-II.

    See the full article here .

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    STEM Icon

    Stem Education Coalition

    FNAL Icon
    Fermilab Campus

    Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a US Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Fermilab is America’s premier laboratory for particle physics and accelerator research, funded by the U.S. Department of Energy. Thousands of scientists from universities and laboratories around the world
    collaborate at Fermilab on experiments at the frontiers of discovery.

     
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