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  • richardmitnick 1:20 pm on March 4, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , Completely doing away with wind variability is next to impossible, , Geospatial World, Google claims that Machine Learning and AI would indeed make wind power more predictable and hence more useful, Google has announced in its official blog post that it has enhanced the feasibility of wind energy by using AI software created by its UK subsidiary DeepMind, Google is working to make the algorithm more refined so that any discrepancy that might occur could be nullified, , , Unpredictability in delivering power at set time frame continues to remain a daunting challenge before the sector   

    From Geospatial World: “Google and DeepMind predict wind energy output using AI” 

    From Geospatial World

    03/04/2019
    Aditya Chaturvedi

    1
    Image Courtesy: Unsplash

    Google has announced in its official blog post that it has enhanced the feasibility of wind energy by using AI software created by its UK subsidiary DeepMind.

    Renewable energy is the way towards lowering carbon emissions and sustainability, so it is imperative that we focus on yielding optimum energy outputs from renewable energy.

    Renewable technologies will be at the forefront of climate change mitigation and addressing global warming, however, the complete potential is yet to be harnessed owing to a slew of obstructions. Wind energy has emerged as a crucial source of renewable energy in the past decade due to a decline in the cost of turbines that has led to the gradual mainstreaming of wind power. Though, unpredictability in delivering power at set time frame continues to remain a daunting challenge before the sector.

    Google and DeepMind project will change this forever by overcoming this limitation that has hobbled wind energy adoption.

    With the help of DeepMind’s Machine Learning algorithms, Google has been able to predict the wind energy output of the farms that it uses for its Green Energy initiatives.

    “DeepMind and Google started applying machine learning algorithms to 700 megawatts of wind power capacity in the central United States. These wind farms—part of Google’s global fleet of renewable energy projects—collectively generate as much electricity as is needed by a medium-sized city”, the blog says.

    Google is optimistic that it can accurately predict and schedule energy output, which certainly would have an upper hand over non-time based deliveries.

    3
    Image Courtesy: Google/ DeepMind

    Taking a neural network that makes uses of weather forecasts and turbine data history, DeepMind system has been configured to predict wind power output 36 hours in advance.

    Taking a cue from these predictions, the advanced model recommends the best possible method to fulfill, and even exceed, delivery commitments 24 hrs in advance. Its importance can be estimated from the fact that energy sources that deliver a particular amount of power over a defined period of time are usually more vulnerable to the grid.

    Google is working to make the algorithm more refined so that any discrepancy that might occur could be nullified. Till date, Google claims that Machine Learning algorithms have boosted wind energy generated by 20%, ‘compared to the to the baseline scenario of no time-based commitments to the grid’, the blog says.

    4
    Image Courtesy: Google

    Completely doing away with wind variability is next to impossible, but Google claims that Machine Learning and AI would indeed make wind power more predictable and hence more useful.

    This unique approach would surely open up new avenues and make wind farm data more reliable and precise. When the productivity of wind power farms in greatly increased and their output can be predicted as well as calculated, wind will have the capability to match conventional electricity sources.

    Google is hopeful that the power of Machine Learning and AI would boost the mass adoption of wind power and turn it into a popular alternative to traditional sources of electricity over the years.

    See the full article here .

    five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    Stem Education Coalition

    http://www.geospatialworld.net

    With an average of 55,000+ unique visitors per month, http://www.geospatialworld.net is easily the number one media portal in geospatial domain; and is a reliable source of information for professionals in 150+ countries. The website, which integrates text, graphics and video elements, is an interactive medium for geospatial industry stakeholders to connect through several innovative features, including news, videos, guest blogs, case studies, articles, interviews, business listings and events.

    600,000+ annual unique visitors

     
  • richardmitnick 10:06 am on February 23, 2019 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: Airbus’ Friedrichshafen site, , , , , Geospatial World, ITC-Known as the Integrated Technology Centre   

    From Geospatial World: “Europe’s most state-of-the-art satellite and space technology center begins operation” 

    From Geospatial World

    02/22/2019

    1

    Germany: Airbus’ Friedrichshafen site has opened Europe’s most state-of-the-art satellite integration and space technology center, known as the Integrated Technology Centre (ITC). The ITC, which triples the area of cleanroom space to 4,200 m2, is dedicated to building satellites, probes, space instruments and experimental technologies. The center took only two years to build at a total cost of approximately €45 million.

    “Airbus’s significant investment in this building also represents an investment in the future – both for the Airbus site at Lake Constance and for Baden-Wuerttemberg as an aerospace location. When it comes to space technology, we are now a step ahead of the rest of Germany – in terms of science and research, development and technology, and enthusiasm for the aerospace industry,” said Baden-Wuerttemberg’s Minister-President, Winfried Kretschmann.

    “With this technology centre, Airbus has shown it has the courage to take the leap into a new age of even better satellites, and this includes those intended for scientific purposes. Satellites can, for instance, document changes in sea levels and detect even small sources of greenhouse gas emissions. Satellites of this nature are helping to expand the basic scientific knowledge needed to combat climate change.”

    “Space flight has undergone huge positive development over the past few years. In addition to scientific missions to explore our solar system and investigate fundamental physical laws, we as a space company are meeting a swiftly increasing demand for high-performance, ultra-reliable Earth observation, meteorological and navigation satellites,” said Nicolas Chamussy, Head of Airbus Space Systems. “Thanks to the new satellite hub, production at Airbus’s Friedrichshafen site is optimally positioned in terms of both quality and quantity compared with our competitors.”

    With dimensions of 70 x 60 meters and a ceiling height of up to 18.50 meters, the building was designed to expand the current satellite integration hall. The new ‘dual’ complex enables projects to be executed more efficiently and economically and, thanks to cutting-edge technology and its new size, also offers new possibilities for developing future space projects, such as large space telescopes.

    The centerpiece of the ITC is its large clean room. The final integration of the satellites takes place under clean room conditions of various ‘cleanliness classes’ (from ISO 8 to ISO 5) in facilities totalling approximately 2,100 m2, of which 400 m2 are dedicated to ISO 5. Extensive air conditioning and filter systems circulate an air volume of 900,000 m3 up to 60 times an hour, which not only ensures the required levels of cleanliness but also a consistently elevated air pressure, in addition to controlling humidity and temperature.

    Four seismic blocks, each weighing 150 tonnes, ‘decouple’ special integration tables from the building and ensure a completely vibration-free environment for the installation of optical instruments. A computer-controlled fan and filter matrix on the south side of the clean room generates air-flow profiles that can be adjusted to the occupancy of the room. This concept allows different clean room classes to be created in a single hall with no disruptive partitions or curtains.

    In the adjacent check-out rooms, technicians can conduct a broad array of electrical function tests without having to enter the clean room area. All computer systems are housed in their own air-conditioned, noise-insulated racks.

    The two wings of the ITC provide a further 1,100 m2 of integration and laboratory space for component manufacturing and technical areas. The first floor of the building’s west wing houses a conference zone and a multifunctional showroom and information space, whose large panoramic windows provide a unique view of the flight hardware production process.

    Four Sentinel satellites for the European environment and security programme ‘Copernicus’, the joint European-Japanese EarthCARE Earth observation satellites and two 12.30-metre-long planar radar antennas are the first projects to move into the new centre. The integration work for JUICE, a mission to the icy moons of Jupiter (set to launch in 2022), is also expected to start within the next six months.

    ESA Sentinels (Copernicus)

    ESA/JAXA EarthCARE satellite

    ESA /JUICE schematic


    ESA/Juice spacecraft

    See the full article here .

    five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    Stem Education Coalition

    http://www.geospatialworld.net

    With an average of 55,000+ unique visitors per month, http://www.geospatialworld.net is easily the number one media portal in geospatial domain; and is a reliable source of information for professionals in 150+ countries. The website, which integrates text, graphics and video elements, is an interactive medium for geospatial industry stakeholders to connect through several innovative features, including news, videos, guest blogs, case studies, articles, interviews, business listings and events.

    600,000+ annual unique visitors

     
  • richardmitnick 11:04 am on September 17, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , DARPA’s geospatial cloud, Descartes Labs, GeoNorth, Geospatial Cloud Analytics (GCA) program, Geospatial World   

    From Geospatial World: “More power to Geospatial Cloud Analytics, courtesy DARPA and Descartes Labs” 

    From Geospatial World

    The Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) recently awarded Descartes Labs, a $2.9 million contract to bring its geospatial analytics platform into DARPA’s geospatial cloud.

    3
    Descartes Labs joins DARPA geospatial initiative

    Keen to understand how this contract will enable both Descartes Labs and DARPA to use geospatial for achieving more milestones in community development, we had an interaction with Mark Johnson, CEO, Descartes Labs and Jon Heinsius, General Manager & Director of Geospatial Programs, GeoNorth .

    What’s the use of artificial intelligence in satellite imagery analysis and how is Descartes Labs pioneering this effort?

    The Descartes Labs platform allows data scientists to perform real-time analysis of massive amounts of data. With the use of artificial intelligence, data scientists can focus on building out global-scale analysis and making these insights actionable, rather than spending time processing, curating and prepping data.

    What does the collaboration with DARPA actually entail? Are you building this platform exclusively for DARPA or is it also commercially available for others?

    DARPA has selected Descartes Labs to power its new Geospatial Cloud Analytics (GCA) program.

    The significance of the GCA program is to demonstrate rapid global analytics, leveraging an array of commercial and other non-classified sources, all stored in the cloud. The community will benefit as a result of GCA creating a framework and fundamental tools (including a cloud-based data repository and analytics marketplace) which can be leveraged by analysts and analytic programs, allowing analysts/users to focus on their analytic challenges – rather than creating, managing, and maintaining the content they use for their analyses.

    GCA will aggregate geospatial data into one massive, streamlined virtual data repository where government analysts can access the most up-to-date images anywhere in the world and advanced tools to analyze them. The Descartes Labs platform features a cloud-native infrastructure designed to provide the storage, computing, access, and tools needed to analyze massive, complex geospatial datasets, making it an ideal foundation for this DARPA program.

    Under the GCA program, teams selected by DARPA will use the Descartes Labs Platform to build global-scale applications for issues including food security, fracking, and illegal fishing. The applications will be offered in GCA’s marketplace as a commercial service. To support these objectives, and pave the way for the development of additional applications, Descartes Labs will integrate up to 75 new datasets sourced from members of a diverse data partner network.

    The GCA effort will roll out in phases over the course of two years. Phase 1 will orient analytics providers and prepare platform offerings for competitive comparisons. Phase 2 will be a one year competition between analytic solutions and platform offerings. Phase 3 is an optional exploration of different marketplace and economic models. Descartes Labs has been awarded $2.9M for phase 1 of the GCA project with a phase 2 award option of $4.2M.

    The major benefit is that the Descartes Labs Platform simplifies many of the operations government analysts face on a daily basis and offers substantially more compute performance than is otherwise available.

    Where will we see the immediate effect of this collaboration?

    Through this collaboration, data scientists will be able to extract actionable insights from the vast amount of data available through the Descartes Labs Platform. GCA will develop an analysis-as-a-service marketplace from the existing data repository so that scientists can deliver intelligent applications that manage real-world issues such as food security and illegal fishing.

    The data repository, when combined with the machine learning capabilities of the Descartes Labs Platform, will ensure that this group can focus on running analysis on a wide swath of cleaned-up, prepped data, rather than spend time gathering and processing raw satellite imagery.

    What is the role of GeoNorth in the GCA program?

    GeoNorth is the supplier of data and information that will be input to Descartes Labs and other winners. According to Jon, GeoNorth Information Systems’ (GNIS) primary role in the GCA program is to provision geospatial data to Descartes Labs for both the Data Platform and the Analytical Applications portions of the GCA program. GCA program objectives include intensive use of a broad range of geospatial data sources, in large volumes. GNIS offers expertise and experience in sourcing geospatial data from a wide range of data providers, including commercial, government and scientific sources.

    GNIS is enabling Descartes Labs in their role as providers to the program, by providing the necessary expertise and services for provisioning source, geospatial data. This will enable Descartes Labs to focus on the higher-level requirements associated with the Data Platform and Analytic Applications of the GCA program.

    In 2016, Descartes Labs was awarded a grant from DARPA as part of its SBIR Phase II program. This grant was the first example of Descartes Labs making sensor data useful by ingesting, scrubbing, and cleaning it up for faster use and analysis. The specific project had Descartes Labs analyze, monitor and forecast wheat crop across the Middle East and North Africa, with the goal of extracting correlations between crop health, and human changes, such as population growth and migration. The work helped expand our understanding of remote sensing data and allowed DARPA gain new insights into the availability of natural resources in the area and their impact on food supply, to get ahead of potential political unrest.

    The recent award will bring more such impactful initiatives to fruition enabling us to have a more sustainable world.

    See the full article here .

    five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    Stem Education Coalition

    http://www.geospatialworld.net

    With an average of 55,000+ unique visitors per month, http://www.geospatialworld.net is easily the number one media portal in geospatial domain; and is a reliable source of information for professionals in 150+ countries. The website, which integrates text, graphics and video elements, is an interactive medium for geospatial industry stakeholders to connect through several innovative features, including news, videos, guest blogs, case studies, articles, interviews, business listings and events.

    600,000+ annual unique visitors

     
  • richardmitnick 2:51 pm on January 2, 2018 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , England to be mapped with 3D LiDAR scanners to tackle flooding, Geospatial World, Israeli scientists develop world’s first formation flying nano satellites, , , Venus- the Israeli minisatellite   

    From Geospatial World: “Israeli scientists develop world’s first formation flying nano satellites and England to be mapped with 3D LiDAR and more” 

    Geospatial World

    2.2.18
    No writer credit found

    Israeli scientists develop world’s first formation flying nano satellites.

    1
    Venus, the Israeli minisatellite. Image Courtesy: Israeli Space Agency
    A cluster of three nano-satellites developed by scientists at Technion-Israel Institute of Technology, Haifa, will be the world’s first to be flown in formation.

    The project, developed with the collaboration of the French Adelis-Samson Foundation and the Israeli Space Agency (ISA), will be launched on the Indian launcher PSLV at the end of 2018 by the Dutch company Innovative Solutions In Space, which has a specialization in launching Nano-satellites.

    The project has been developed by a team of researchers lead by Prof. Pini Gurfil, who is the head of the Asher Institute for Space Research and a member of the aerospace engineering faculty at the Technion. It has been designed to demonstrate that a combination of satellites can hold together in a controlled formation for a year some 600 kilometers above Earth.

    “Israeli technology is breaking boundaries and proving its innovation again and again,” said Science and Technology Minister Ofir Akunis to The Jerusalem Post. “We are proud to be part of this flagship project, which is a significant contribution to the advancement of space in Israel and to the training of students in the field.”

    The satellites will be used to receive signals from Earth and compute the precise location of the source of the broadcast for rescue, detection, remote sensing and environmental monitoring.

    Each of the satellites is 10 cm. x 20 cm. x 30 cm. – approximately the size of a shoebox – and weighs about eight kg. They will be equipped with measuring devices, antennas, computer and control systems and navigation devices.

    The software and algorithms that will control the flight were developed in a laboratory for distributed space systems at the Technion.

    “Miniaturization in the field of satellites, together with advanced Israeli technology, allows us to take Israel an important step forward with mini-satellites,” added Gurfil. “The degree of innovation of nano-satellites can be compared to switching from a PC to a mobile phone, which offers far more capabilities than its predecessors.”

    “The field of nanosciences has been increasing significantly in recent years and the number of launches doubles every year,” said Israeli Space Agency director Avi Blasberger. “The development and launch costs of such satellites, capable of filling a variety of uses, are significantly lower than those of conventional satellites… In the near future, networks are expected to include thousands of nano-satellites that will cover the Earth and enable high-speed Internet communications at a significantly lower cost than today.”

    England to be mapped with 3D LiDAR scanners to tackle flooding

    Planning to tackle flooding, and track illegal waste dumps in England, LiDAR mapping will be conducted in all of England, announced Environment Agency. Aircraft equipped with laser scanners will map all 130,000 square kilometers (50,000 square miles) of the country in 3D, including rivers, fields and national parks, by 2020.

    Lidar (also called LIDAR, LiDAR, and LADAR) is a surveying method that measures distance to a target by illuminating that target with a pulsed laser light, and measuring the reflected pulses with a sensor. Differences in laser return times and wavelengths can then be used to make digital 3D-representations of the target. The name lidar, sometimes considered an acronym of Light Detection And Ranging[1] (sometimes Light Imaging, Detection, And Ranging), was originally a portmanteau of light and radar.[2][3]

    Lidar is commonly used to make high-resolution maps, with applications in geodesy, geomatics, archaeology, geography, geology, geomorphology, seismology, forestry, atmospheric physics,[4] laser guidance, airborne laser swath mapping (ALSM), and laser altimetry. The technology is also used for control and navigation for some autonomous cars. Lidar sometimes is called laser scanning and 3D scanning, with terrestrial, airborne, and mobile applications.

    The data gathered will be used to understand flooding risk and plan flood defenses, and will also be made available for free for the public and industry including archaeologists, urban planners and even gamers. Around 75% of the country is already mapped, but there is only sporadic coverage of upland areas and the new project, beginning over winter, will fill in the gaps.

    The new data will be better quality than ever before, the Environment Agency said, with the whole country mapped at a one meter resolution using the most up-to-date laser technology to reveal the terrain more clearly. The LiDAR will be used to detect sudden landscape changes which could indicate illegal tips.

    Other government agencies can use it to help improve the environment. For example, Natural England assesses wildlife habitat while the Forestry Commission can learn more about tree cover. And it can reveal hidden secrets of the country’s past, with archaeologists using it to uncover lost Roman roads in northern England.

    Environment Agency chief executive Sir James Bevan said: “This ambitious project will enhance our understanding of England’s unique natural features and landscape, helping us to better understand flood risk, plan effective defenses and fight waste crime.

    “I’m pleased we are able to gather, use and share such valuable data to contribute to environmental improvements and conservation. It’s just one of the many ways the Environment Agency is using technology to help people and wildlife.”

    See the full article here .

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    STEM Icon

    Stem Education Coalition

    http://www.geospatialworld.net

    With an average of 55,000+ unique visitors per month, http://www.geospatialworld.net is easily the number one media portal in geospatial domain; and is a reliable source of information for professionals in 150+ countries. The website, which integrates text, graphics and video elements, is an interactive medium for geospatial industry stakeholders to connect through several innovative features, including news, videos, guest blogs, case studies, articles, interviews, business listings and events.

    600,000+ annual unique visitors

     
  • richardmitnick 2:55 pm on December 28, 2017 Permalink | Reply
    Tags: , , , , Geospatial World   

    From Geospatial World: “A glimpse into what Copernicus did in 2017” 

    Geospatial World

    Copernicus in 2017.


    ESA Sentinels (Copernicus)

    The year 2017 has been a mixed bag of ups and downs, disappointments and remarkable achievements, dashed hopes and splendid optimism. But among the few that have maintained steadfast consistency in excellent track record is the European earth observation Copernicus constellation.

    The European Commission taking the mantle of the Committee for Earth Observation Satellites (CEOS) gave it an opportunity to set the agenda in key areas: CO2 monitoring; data distribution, access and exchange; standardization and better response to user needs. And undoubtedly Copernicus delivered well in all these paradigms and left its indelible footprint across the globe.

    Let’s have a look at some of the major programs and stellar achievements of Copernicus in 2017.

    The Emergency Management Service (EMS): It provides information for an emergency response regarding disasters, including meteorological hazards, natural and man-made disasters and other humanitarian catastrophes as well as prevention, preparedness, response and recovery activities.

    2
    Copernicus satellite imagery of Mexico Earthquake.

    Its mapping component was activated around 70+ times in 2017 to provide assistance to civil protection authorities in emergency preparedness, disaster mitigation and response activities. Disasters covered include wildfires, storms and floods in Europe, forest fires in Spain, Portugal, Greece, hurricane Ophelia in Ireland, windfall in Poland, and globally– Hurricanes Harvey and Irma in the US and the Caribbean, earthquakes in Mexico and Iraq.

    There are 3 modules in EMS: Mapping; Flood Awareness System (FAS); and European Forest Fire Information System ( EFFIS)

    3
    The European and Global Flood Awareness System

    The mapping system provides real-time satellite imagery for natural disasters across the globe while European Flood Awareness System (EFAS) is the first operational system that monitors and forecasts flood events across Europe.

    The fire forest system monitors wildfire real-time.

    Land Monitoring Service (CLMS): It delivers over 20 variables associated with water, energy and vegetation. Copernicus in 2017 it mapped key protected areas in Africa. It has four main components: Global, Local, Pan European and Reference Data.

    3
    Copernicus land vegetation satellite map.

    The functions of Global and Pan European are clearly evident from their names. The Local component specifically focusses on areas that are vulnerable to environmental changes. Reference Data prepares and manages the inventory of satellite data that can be utilized later, as and when required.

    Marine Environment Monitoring Service (CMEMS): It monitors and analyzes the streams, rivers, Oceans and the marine environment based on few parameters, including temperature, salinity, sea surface height, velocity, wind, layer thickness and plankton.

    5
    Global map of waves.

    In 2017 it released new waves observations and forecasts & ocean monitoring indicators (OMIs) products, and published the 1st Annual Ocean State Report.

    The Climate Change Service (C3S): It provides comprehensive analysis, frequently updated maps and extensively researched data on climate change and its impact on the globe. It provides surface-air temperature, sea-ice level and hydrological climate variables. Sectoral information services are also being developed to plan for the impact of climate change on specific sectors such as energy, water or agriculture and forestry.

    6
    Copernicus surface-air temperature map of November 2017

    Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS): This service is used for monitoring and mapping air quality, climate forcing, ozone layer, solar radiation and emission and surface fluxes. This year it supported the European Air Quality Monitoring Index and delivering a global reanalysis data set for the period 2003-2017.

    7
    Aerosol optical depth forecast by Copernicus

    Apart from these breakthrough developments, Copernicus also entered into multiple agreements with United States and Australia while deliberations with Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, the African Union Commission, India, Serbia and Ukraine are going on.

    Copernicus also strengthened its conventional data distribution systems, linked them GÉANT and doubled in bandwidth from 10 Gbps to 20 Gbps. Copernicus Data and Information Access Services (DIAS), cloud-enabled platforms to access and process Copernicus data, have been launched and will be operational in 2018. This would ensure that storage issues will soon be a relic of the past.

    See the full article here .

    Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

    STEM Icon

    Stem Education Coalition

    http://www.geospatialworld.net

    With an average of 55,000+ unique visitors per month, http://www.geospatialworld.net is easily the number one media portal in geospatial domain; and is a reliable source of information for professionals in 150+ countries. The website, which integrates text, graphics and video elements, is an interactive medium for geospatial industry stakeholders to connect through several innovative features, including news, videos, guest blogs, case studies, articles, interviews, business listings and events.

    600,000+ annual unique visitors

     
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