From The University of Edinburgh (SCT) : “Edinburgh astronomers find most distant galaxy”

From The University of Edinburgh (SCT)

Early data from Webb has enabled Edinburgh astronomers to locate the most distant galaxy ever found.

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A colour image of CEERS-93316, a galaxy discovered 35 billion light-years from Earth.

Researchers say observations using the £10 billion James Webb Space Telescope – which began operating in June 2022 – have revealed a galaxy 35 billion light-years from Earth.

The NASA/ESA/CSA James Webb Space Telescope

The findings suggest the galaxy, known as CEERS-93316, existed just 235 million years after the Big Bang – the event 13.8 billion years ago that formed the first stars and galaxies in the Universe.

Cosmic history

The James Webb Space Telescope – NASA’s largest and most powerful space telescope – was launched in December 2021 and is operating around one million miles from Earth.

It is far more sensitive than its predecessor – the Hubble Space Telescope, which began operating in 1990 – and enables researchers to directly observe parts of space that have never been seen before.

Distant worlds

Before data from the new telescope became available, the most distant galaxy ever identified was GN-z11, which is around 32 billion light-years from Earth.

The team has submitted their study for publication in MNRAS [below].

The research also involved scientists from the University of Manchester, Sorbonne Université, France, University of Copenhagen, Denmark, and Sonoma State University, US.

Undergraduate physics students Sophie Jewell and Clara Pollock created a colour image of the newly discovered galaxy while undertaking summer projects in the University’s Institute for Astronomy.

Science paper:

MNRAS

See the full article here.

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The The University of Edinburgh (SCT) , founded in 1582, is the sixth oldest university in the United Kingdom and English-speaking world and one of Scotland’s ancient universities. The university has five main campuses in the city of Edinburgh, which include many buildings of historical and architectural significance such as those in Old Town. The university played an important role in Edinburgh becoming a chief intellectual centre during the Scottish Enlightenment, contributing to the city being nicknamed the “Athens of the North”.

The University of Edinburgh is a member of a number of prestigious academic organizations, including The Russell Group, The Coimbra Group, The Universitas 21, and The League of European Research Universities, a consortium of 23 leading research universities in Europe. It has the third largest endowment of any university in the United Kingdom, after The University of Cambridge (UK) and The University of Oxford. In 2019-20, the university has a consolidated annual income of £1,125.3 million, of which £296.1 million was from research grants and contracts.
The alumni of the university include some of the major figures of modern history, including three signatories of the United States Declaration of Independence and nine heads of state and government (including three Prime Ministers of the United Kingdom). As of 2020, Edinburgh’s alumni, faculty members and researchers include 19 Nobel laureates; three Turing Award laureates; an Abel Prize winner and Fields Medalist; two Pulitzer Prize winners; two currently sitting UK Supreme Court Justices; and several Olympic gold medalists. It continues to have links to the British Royal Family, having had the Duke of Edinburgh as its Chancellor from 1953 to 2010 and Princess Anne since 2011.

Edinburgh receives approximately 60,000 applications every year, making it the second most popular university in the United Kingdom by volume of applications. It has the 4th-highest average UCAS entry tariff in Scotland, and 8th overall in the United Kingdom.

Founding

Founded by the Edinburgh Town Council, the university began life as a college of law using part of a legacy left by a graduate of The University of St Andrews, Bishop Robert Reid of St Magnus Cathedral, Orkney. Through efforts by the council and ministers of the city, such as John Knox’s successor James Lawson, the institution broadened in scope and became formally established as a college by a Royal Charter, granted by King James VI on 14 April 1582. This was unprecedented in newly Presbyterian Scotland, as older universities in Scotland had been created through Papal bulls. Established as the “Tounis College”, it opened its doors to students in October 1583. Instruction began under the charge of another St Andrews graduate, theologian Robert Rollock. It was the fourth Scottish university in a period when the richer and much more populous England had only two. The school was renamed King James’s College in 1617. By the 18th century, the university was a leading centre of the Scottish Enlightenment.

2000 to present

The Edinburgh Cowgate Fire of December 2002 destroyed a number of university buildings, including some 3,000 m^2 (30,000 sq ft.) of the School of Informatics at 80 South Bridge. This was replaced with the Informatics Forum on the central campus, completed in July 2008.

The Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre (ECRC) was opened in 2002 by The Princess Royal on the Western General Hospital site. In 2007, the MRC Human Genetics Unit formed a partnership with the Centre for Genomic and Experimental Medicine and the Edinburgh Cancer Research Centre to create the Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine (IGMM).

The Euan MacDonald Centre was established in 2007 as a research centre for motor neuron disease (MND). The centre was part funded by a donation from Scottish entrepreneur Euan MacDonald and his father Donald.

On 1 August 2011, the Edinburgh College of Art (founded in 1760) merged with the university’s School of Arts, Culture and Environment.

The Scottish Centre for Regenerative Medicine, a stem cell research centre dedicated to the development of regenerative treatments, was opened by the Anne, Princess Royal on 28 May 2012. It is home to biologists and clinical academics from the MRC Centre for Regenerative Medicine (CRM), and applied scientists working with the Scottish National Blood Transfusion Service and Roslin Cells. On 25 August 2014, the centre reported on the first working organ, a thymus, grown from scratch inside an animal.

In 2014, the Zhejiang University-University of Edinburgh Institute was founded as a joint institute offering degrees in biomedical sciences, taught in English. The campus, located in Haining, Zhejiang Province, China, opened on 16 August 2016.

Beginning in 2015, The University of Edinburgh maintains a Wikimedian in Residence.

In 2018, The University of Edinburgh was a signatory in the landmark £1.3bn Edinburgh and South East Scotland City Region Deal, with the UK and Scottish governments, six local authorities and all universities and colleges in the region. The University committed to delivering a range of economic benefits to the region through the Data-Driven Innovation initiative. In conjunction with Heriot-Watt University (SCT), the initiative created four innovation hubs – the Bayes Centre; Usher Institute; Edinburgh Futures Institute; Easter Bush Campus; and one based at Heriot-Watt, the National Robotarium. The deal also included creation of the Edinburgh International Data Facility, which performs high-speed data processing in a secure environment.