From The University of Washington (US) Washington Sea Grant in The University of Washington (US) College of the Environment at The University of Washington (US): “Washington Sea Grant Receives Funding from The Builders Initiative to Support Restorative Aquaculture”

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From The University of Washington (US) Washington Sea Grant

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The University of Washington (US) College of the Environment

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The University of Washington (US)

January 26, 2022

Washington Sea Grant will use the $400,000 grant to further two key projects: the Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative and the Washington Seaweed Collaborative.

From tribal fishermen exercising their treaty fishing rights to oyster farmers in south Puget Sound, seafood harvesting and aquaculture are vital to Pacific Northwest culture and commerce. However, forces including climate change, ocean acidification and coastal development threaten these sources of sustenance and tradition. Restorative aquaculture — that is, sustainable ocean farming practices designed to benefit nature and people — can help reduce the impacts of environmental change while sustaining the livelihoods and cultures of the local communities that depend on living marine resources.

Over the past few years, Washington Sea Grant (WSG) has supported two areas of aquaculture that potentially have significant restorative effects: seaweed farming and reviving traditional Indigenous mariculture practices. With a new grant of $400,000 from The Builders Initiative, WSG will further its reach in both of these spheres.

“Washington Sea Grant has been dedicated to environmentally sustainable aquaculture that supports communities in Washington and beyond for more than 50 years,” says Russell Callender, WSG director. “This partnership with The Builders Initiative around the broad topic of restorative aquaculture will help equip WSG and our collaborators in building upon the vital momentum already underway and assist in responding to the shared urgency to create local solutions to the challenges of climate change, ocean equity, food security and well-being.”

Learn more about the two areas of work that will be supported by this grant:

Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative

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Swinomish Indian Tribal Community bless the site on Kiket Island where they plan to build a clam garden. Photo: Caroline Edwards.

In 2019, with seed funding from NOAA Sea Grant and partner matching resources, WSG convened the Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative, which is a “community of practice” with Tribes, First Nations and Native communities and partners across Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii and other places in the Pacific basin. Indigenous aquaculture practices are cultivated biocultural ecosystems based on Indigenous knowledge and observations of land and water, developed over generations in reciprocal relationships with places. A few examples of biocultural systems from the Northwest are clam gardens; reef net salmon fishing and selective harvesting; and cultivated oyster beds and diking systems. These diverse systems have been honed over thousands of years with the purpose to create integrated and sustainable habitats for producing customary foods, as well as spaces that give context to spiritual, social and family connections, and cultural and ethical practices.

The Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative works to support the revitalization and restoration of ancestral mariculture and coastal stewardship across the Northwest region and the wider Pacific basin. These practices are important not only for enhancing food systems and food sovereignty, but also for deepening connections to the land and ocean, providing living classrooms for passing down generational knowledge, empowering greater self-determination in resource management and stewardship, and creating just pathways for climate adaptation rooted in Indigenous knowledge, values, and practices.

The Builders Initiative funding will be used to help meet three goals of the Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative: developing a vision for the next 5-10 years; maintaining the community of practice; and communicating the diversity of Indigenous aquaculture systems to public audiences.

Advancing Seaweed Aquaculture

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Farmed sugar kelp from Hood Canal, Washington.

WSG News Blog
Washington Sea Grant Receives Funding from The Builders Initiative to Support Restorative Aquaculture

January 26, 2022
Washington Sea Grant will use the $400,000 grant to further two key projects: the Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative and the Washington Seaweed Collaborative

From tribal fishermen exercising their treaty fishing rights to oyster farmers in south Puget Sound, seafood harvesting and aquaculture are vital to Pacific Northwest culture and commerce. However, forces including climate change, ocean acidification and coastal development threaten these sources of sustenance and tradition. Restorative aquaculture — that is, sustainable ocean farming practices designed to benefit nature and people — can help reduce the impacts of environmental change while sustaining the livelihoods and cultures of the local communities that depend on living marine resources.

Over the past few years, Washington Sea Grant (WSG) has supported two areas of aquaculture that potentially have significant restorative effects: seaweed farming and reviving traditional Indigenous mariculture practices. With a new grant of $400,000 from The Builders Initiative, WSG will further its reach in both of these spheres.

“Washington Sea Grant has been dedicated to environmentally sustainable aquaculture that supports communities in Washington and beyond for more than 50 years,” says Russell Callender, WSG director. “This partnership with The Builders Initiative around the broad topic of restorative aquaculture will help equip WSG and our collaborators in building upon the vital momentum already underway and assist in responding to the shared urgency to create local solutions to the challenges of climate change, ocean equity, food security and well-being.”

Learn more about the two areas of work that will be supported by this grant:

Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative

Swinomish Indian Tribal Community bless the site on Kiket Island where they plan to build a clam garden. Photo: Caroline Edwards

In 2019, with seed funding from NOAA Sea Grant and partner matching resources, WSG convened the Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative, which is a “community of practice” with Tribes, First Nations and Native communities and partners across Washington, British Columbia, Alaska, Hawaii and other places in the Pacific basin. Indigenous aquaculture practices are cultivated biocultural ecosystems based on Indigenous knowledge and observations of land and water, developed over generations in reciprocal relationships with places. A few examples of biocultural systems from the Northwest are clam gardens; reef net salmon fishing and selective harvesting; and cultivated oyster beds and diking systems. These diverse systems have been honed over thousands of years with the purpose to create integrated and sustainable habitats for producing customary foods, as well as spaces that give context to spiritual, social and family connections, and cultural and ethical practices.

The Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative works to support the revitalization and restoration of ancestral mariculture and coastal stewardship across the Northwest region and the wider Pacific basin. These practices are important not only for enhancing food systems and food sovereignty, but also for deepening connections to the land and ocean, providing living classrooms for passing down generational knowledge, empowering greater self-determination in resource management and stewardship, and creating just pathways for climate adaptation rooted in Indigenous knowledge, values, and practices.

The Builders Initiative funding will be used to help meet three goals of the Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative: developing a vision for the next 5-10 years; maintaining the community of practice; and communicating the diversity of Indigenous aquaculture systems to public audiences.

Advancing Seaweed Aquaculture

Farmed sugar kelp from Hood Canal, Washington.

Motivated by growing interest in seaweed farming in Washington, WSG secured a 2019 NOAA Sea Grant two-year aquaculture award to partner with Puget Sound Restoration Fund (PSRF) and others to train and assist prospective Washington seaweed farmers. On the final day of WSG’s February 2020 intensive seaweed culture training, the roomful of enthusiastic participants spontaneously resolved to form a community of practice. Now known as the Washington Seaweed Collaborative, this informal network of over 120 members is committed to supporting the cultivation and stewardship of seaweed for commercial, cultural and environmental purposes. Given the substantial level of engagement in the Seaweed Collaborative by Tribes, state and federal agencies, conservation groups and local aquaculture practitioners, this community has real potential to advance regenerative seaweed aquaculture in the Pacific Northwest.

WSG continues to receive weekly requests for guidance from people seeking to cultivate seaweed for harvest and environmental restoration. One of WSG’s roles is to provide science-based information about possible ecosystem benefits and impacts of seaweed farming, regulatory and social concerns, and potential market prospects for seaweed-based products and ecosystem services. The Builders Initiative funding will allow for the invigoration of the Seaweed Collaborative over the next two years as WSG works with partners to develop a long-term sustainability plan. The funding will also enable WSG to pursue a free in-person Seaweed Science Symposium offering learning, discussions and networking opportunities for approximately 300 constituents.

For more information, contact:

Washington Sea Grant: Dr. W. Russell Callender, WSG Director, wrc4@uw.edu

UW College of the Environment: Liz Exell, Director, Corporate and Foundation Relations, lexell@uw.edu

Cross-Pacific Indigenous Aquaculture Collaborative: Dr. Melissa Poe, WSG Social Scientist, mpoe@uw.edu

Washington Seaweed Collaborative: Dr. Meg Chadsey, WSG Ocean Acidification Specialist, mchadsey@uw.edu

Builders Initiative: Kathleen Strand, Communications, kstrand@buildersvision.com

See the full article here .


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Vision

Washington Sea Grant (WSG) envisions healthy, productive and resilient coastal and marine ecosystems that sustain Washington’s rich cultural and maritime heritage, vibrant coastal communities, clean waters and beaches, prosperous fisheries and aquaculture, diverse wildlife and an engaged public.
Mission

The WSG mission is to help people and marine life thrive by supplying research, technical expertise and educational activities that support the responsible use and conservation of ocean and coastal ecosystems.
Values

To accomplish its mission and achieve its vision, WSG adheres to a set of core values focused on excellence, equity, innovation and societal impact. It seeks to forge tools, foster insights, build capacity and maintain relationships for sustainable management, enjoyment and use of Washington’s marine resources.

WSG celebrates the diversity of people and the environment and the complex interactions between them.

Facilitating practical and collaborative solutions to today’s ocean and coastal issues, WSG serves as an unbiased broker of scientific and place-based information and real-world expertise that honors the history, people and places of Washington.

WSG endorses and is committed to pursuing activities that advance two cross-cutting principles within its core functions of research, outreach, education and communications: cultivating partnerships and practicing a commitment to diversity, equity and inclusion.

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The University of Washington (US) College of the Environment

Diversity, equity and inclusion at the Program on the Environment

​​​​How do we accomplish change that lasts, especially with complex issues such as diversity, equity and inclusion? That question lies at the heart of conversations that have been occurring over the past two years in University of Washington’s Program on the Environment (PoE). PoE is an interdisciplinary undergraduate program where students study and reflect upon intersections of the environment and human societies, and the primary unit in the College of the Environment offering a Bachelor of Arts degree. Their unit’s size (5 core faculty, 2 staff, plus several pre- and post-doctoral instructors) allows everyone in PoE to meet as a whole and to focus regularly on discussions about diversity, equity and inclusion, rather than delegating DEI work to a committee.

“One of the advantages of a small community is that we can all meet to talk about diversity initiatives at least quarterly,” said PoE Director Gary Handwerk. “The common university committee structure and bureaucracy itself can be impediments to real change.”

Some of the changes so far have included major revisions to the curriculum that introduce new course requirements in sustainability and environmental justice, and embedding and threading DEI concepts throughout all courses, deeply weaving it into the fabric of environmental awareness.

PoE also collaborated with Program on Climate Change’s Becky Alexander in creating a workshop for faculty to collaborate on integrating climate justice concepts into an array of courses across the College. These conversations among faculty from seven different units helped extend the “embed and thread” model across the College. Based on positive feedback from participants, this workshop will be offered again in winter 2022 and 2023, with participation expanded to faculty from across the University. Handwerk is “optimistic that this workshop will have long-term effects and create a framework for probing and transformative conversations across the College.”

In fall of 2021, PoE members launched an annual Autumn Seminar Series focused on Environmental Justice. Students enrolled in an associated one-credit course and participated in live sessions with speakers on Zoom, while UW and community members could tune into a livestream (later archived on the PoE YouTube page). This dual format allowed students and attendees to converse beyond the walls of a classroom and university. Enrolled students also actively participated in an online discussion forum following each presentation. This year’s series, “Indigenous Perspectives on the Environment,” brought in Indigenous voices representing a number of tribes from across the United States and Canada.

“I liked being able to hear different people’s experiences that I might not otherwise have been able to hear,” said student Tia Vontver. “The opportunity to hear from voices not through research papers or in a textbook, but directly from them was invaluable. Traditional ecological knowledge is passed down through stories, so I’ve been able to hear many different perspectives through these speakers.”

Larger challenges, however, remain. It is one thing to feature marginalized voices weekly at a seminar, and quite another to shift the demographic diversity of the faculty or student body as a whole. Handwerk acknowledges that difficult and crucial goals like these remain ahead, but he is optimistic that efforts like those described above will help to create an infrastructure and climate conducive to recruiting and retaining a robustly diverse group of faculty and students.

u-washington-campus

The University of Washington (US) is one of the world’s preeminent public universities. Our impact on individuals, on our region, and on the world is profound — whether we are launching young people into a boundless future or confronting the grand challenges of our time through undaunted research and scholarship. Ranked number 10 in the world in Shanghai Jiao Tong University rankings and educating more than 54,000 students annually, our students and faculty work together to turn ideas into impact and in the process transform lives and our world. For more about our impact on the world, every day.

So what defines us —the students, faculty and community members at the University of Washington? Above all, it’s our belief in possibility and our unshakable optimism. It’s a connection to others, both near and far. It’s a hunger that pushes us to tackle challenges and pursue progress. It’s the conviction that together we can create a world of good. Join us on the journey.

The University of Washington (US) is a public research university in Seattle, Washington, United States. Founded in 1861, University of Washington is one of the oldest universities on the West Coast; it was established in downtown Seattle approximately a decade after the city’s founding to aid its economic development. Today, the university’s 703-acre main Seattle campus is in the University District above the Montlake Cut, within the urban Puget Sound region of the Pacific Northwest. The university has additional campuses in Tacoma and Bothell. Overall, University of Washington encompasses over 500 buildings and over 20 million gross square footage of space, including one of the largest library systems in the world with more than 26 university libraries, as well as the UW Tower, lecture halls, art centers, museums, laboratories, stadiums, and conference centers. The university offers bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degrees through 140 departments in various colleges and schools, sees a total student enrollment of roughly 46,000 annually, and functions on a quarter system.

University of Washington is a member of the Association of American Universities(US) and is classified among “R1: Doctoral Universities – Very high research activity”. According to the National Science Foundation(US), UW spent $1.41 billion on research and development in 2018, ranking it 5th in the nation. As the flagship institution of the six public universities in Washington state, it is known for its medical, engineering and scientific research as well as its highly competitive computer science and engineering programs. Additionally, University of Washington continues to benefit from its deep historic ties and major collaborations with numerous technology giants in the region, such as Amazon, Boeing, Nintendo, and particularly Microsoft. Paul G. Allen, Bill Gates and others spent significant time at Washington computer labs for a startup venture before founding Microsoft and other ventures. The University of Washington’s 22 varsity sports teams are also highly competitive, competing as the Huskies in the Pac-12 Conference of the NCAA Division I, representing the United States at the Olympic Games, and other major competitions.

The university has been affiliated with many notable alumni and faculty, including 21 Nobel Prize laureates and numerous Pulitzer Prize winners, Fulbright Scholars, Rhodes Scholars and Marshall Scholars.

In 1854, territorial governor Isaac Stevens recommended the establishment of a university in the Washington Territory. Prominent Seattle-area residents, including Methodist preacher Daniel Bagley, saw this as a chance to add to the city’s potential and prestige. Bagley learned of a law that allowed United States territories to sell land to raise money in support of public schools. At the time, Arthur A. Denny, one of the founders of Seattle and a member of the territorial legislature, aimed to increase the city’s importance by moving the territory’s capital from Olympia to Seattle. However, Bagley eventually convinced Denny that the establishment of a university would assist more in the development of Seattle’s economy. Two universities were initially chartered, but later the decision was repealed in favor of a single university in Lewis County provided that locally donated land was available. When no site emerged, Denny successfully petitioned the legislature to reconsider Seattle as a location in 1858.

In 1861, scouting began for an appropriate 10 acres (4 ha) site in Seattle to serve as a new university campus. Arthur and Mary Denny donated eight acres, while fellow pioneers Edward Lander, and Charlie and Mary Terry, donated two acres on Denny’s Knoll in downtown Seattle. More specifically, this tract was bounded by 4th Avenue to the west, 6th Avenue to the east, Union Street to the north, and Seneca Streets to the south.

John Pike, for whom Pike Street is named, was the university’s architect and builder. It was opened on November 4, 1861, as the Territorial University of Washington. The legislature passed articles incorporating the University, and establishing its Board of Regents in 1862. The school initially struggled, closing three times: in 1863 for low enrollment, and again in 1867 and 1876 due to funds shortage. University of Washington awarded its first graduate Clara Antoinette McCarty Wilt in 1876, with a bachelor’s degree in science.

19th century relocation

By the time Washington state entered the Union in 1889, both Seattle and the University had grown substantially. University of Washington’s total undergraduate enrollment increased from 30 to nearly 300 students, and the campus’s relative isolation in downtown Seattle faced encroaching development. A special legislative committee, headed by University of Washington graduate Edmond Meany, was created to find a new campus to better serve the growing student population and faculty. The committee eventually selected a site on the northeast of downtown Seattle called Union Bay, which was the land of the Duwamish, and the legislature appropriated funds for its purchase and construction. In 1895, the University relocated to the new campus by moving into the newly built Denny Hall. The University Regents tried and failed to sell the old campus, eventually settling with leasing the area. This would later become one of the University’s most valuable pieces of real estate in modern-day Seattle, generating millions in annual revenue with what is now called the Metropolitan Tract. The original Territorial University building was torn down in 1908, and its former site now houses the Fairmont Olympic Hotel.

The sole-surviving remnants of Washington’s first building are four 24-foot (7.3 m), white, hand-fluted cedar, Ionic columns. They were salvaged by Edmond S. Meany, one of the University’s first graduates and former head of its history department. Meany and his colleague, Dean Herbert T. Condon, dubbed the columns as “Loyalty,” “Industry,” “Faith”, and “Efficiency”, or “LIFE.” The columns now stand in the Sylvan Grove Theater.

20th century expansion

Organizers of the 1909 Alaska-Yukon-Pacific Exposition eyed the still largely undeveloped campus as a prime setting for their world’s fair. They came to an agreement with Washington’s Board of Regents that allowed them to use the campus grounds for the exposition, surrounding today’s Drumheller Fountain facing towards Mount Rainier. In exchange, organizers agreed Washington would take over the campus and its development after the fair’s conclusion. This arrangement led to a detailed site plan and several new buildings, prepared in part by John Charles Olmsted. The plan was later incorporated into the overall University of Washington campus master plan, permanently affecting the campus layout.

Both World Wars brought the military to campus, with certain facilities temporarily lent to the federal government. In spite of this, subsequent post-war periods were times of dramatic growth for the University. The period between the wars saw a significant expansion of the upper campus. Construction of the Liberal Arts Quadrangle, known to students as “The Quad,” began in 1916 and continued to 1939. The University’s architectural centerpiece, Suzzallo Library, was built in 1926 and expanded in 1935.

After World War II, further growth came with the G.I. Bill. Among the most important developments of this period was the opening of the School of Medicine in 1946, which is now consistently ranked as the top medical school in the United States. It would eventually lead to the University of Washington Medical Center, ranked by U.S. News and World Report as one of the top ten hospitals in the nation.

In 1942, all persons of Japanese ancestry in the Seattle area were forced into inland internment camps as part of Executive Order 9066 following the attack on Pearl Harbor. During this difficult time, university president Lee Paul Sieg took an active and sympathetic leadership role in advocating for and facilitating the transfer of Japanese American students to universities and colleges away from the Pacific Coast to help them avoid the mass incarceration. Nevertheless many Japanese American students and “soon-to-be” graduates were unable to transfer successfully in the short time window or receive diplomas before being incarcerated. It was only many years later that they would be recognized for their accomplishments during the University of Washington’s Long Journey Home ceremonial event that was held in May 2008.

From 1958 to 1973, the University of Washington saw a tremendous growth in student enrollment, its faculties and operating budget, and also its prestige under the leadership of Charles Odegaard. University of Washington student enrollment had more than doubled to 34,000 as the baby boom generation came of age. However, this era was also marked by high levels of student activism, as was the case at many American universities. Much of the unrest focused around civil rights and opposition to the Vietnam War. In response to anti-Vietnam War protests by the late 1960s, the University Safety and Security Division became the University of Washington Police Department.

Odegaard instituted a vision of building a “community of scholars”, convincing the Washington State legislatures to increase investment in the University. Washington senators, such as Henry M. Jackson and Warren G. Magnuson, also used their political clout to gather research funds for the University of Washington. The results included an increase in the operating budget from $37 million in 1958 to over $400 million in 1973, solidifying University of Washington as a top recipient of federal research funds in the United States. The establishment of technology giants such as Microsoft, Boeing and Amazon in the local area also proved to be highly influential in the University of Washington’s fortunes, not only improving graduate prospects but also helping to attract millions of dollars in university and research funding through its distinguished faculty and extensive alumni network.

21st century

In 1990, the University of Washington opened its additional campuses in Bothell and Tacoma. Although originally intended for students who have already completed two years of higher education, both schools have since become four-year universities with the authority to grant degrees. The first freshman classes at these campuses started in fall 2006. Today both Bothell and Tacoma also offer a selection of master’s degree programs.

In 2012, the University began exploring plans and governmental approval to expand the main Seattle campus, including significant increases in student housing, teaching facilities for the growing student body and faculty, as well as expanded public transit options. The University of Washington light rail station was completed in March 2015, connecting Seattle’s Capitol Hill neighborhood to the University of Washington Husky Stadium within five minutes of rail travel time. It offers a previously unavailable option of transportation into and out of the campus, designed specifically to reduce dependence on private vehicles, bicycles and local King County buses.

University of Washington has been listed as a “Public Ivy” in Greene’s Guides since 2001, and is an elected member of the American Association of Universities. Among the faculty by 2012, there have been 151 members of American Association for the Advancement of Science, 68 members of the National Academy of Sciences(US), 67 members of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, 53 members of the National Academy of Medicine(US), 29 winners of the Presidential Early Career Award for Scientists and Engineers, 21 members of the National Academy of Engineering(US), 15 Howard Hughes Medical Institute Investigators, 15 MacArthur Fellows, 9 winners of the Gairdner Foundation International Award, 5 winners of the National Medal of Science, 7 Nobel Prize laureates, 5 winners of Albert Lasker Award for Clinical Medical Research, 4 members of the American Philosophical Society, 2 winners of the National Book Award, 2 winners of the National Medal of Arts, 2 Pulitzer Prize winners, 1 winner of the Fields Medal, and 1 member of the National Academy of Public Administration. Among UW students by 2012, there were 136 Fulbright Scholars, 35 Rhodes Scholars, 7 Marshall Scholars and 4 Gates Cambridge Scholars. UW is recognized as a top producer of Fulbright Scholars, ranking 2nd in the US in 2017.

The Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU) has consistently ranked University of Washington as one of the top 20 universities worldwide every year since its first release. In 2019, University of Washington ranked 14th worldwide out of 500 by the ARWU, 26th worldwide out of 981 in the Times Higher Education World University Rankings, and 28th worldwide out of 101 in the Times World Reputation Rankings. Meanwhile, QS World University Rankings ranked it 68th worldwide, out of over 900.

U.S. News & World Report ranked University of Washington 8th out of nearly 1,500 universities worldwide for 2021, with University of Washington’s undergraduate program tied for 58th among 389 national universities in the U.S. and tied for 19th among 209 public universities.

In 2019, it ranked 10th among the universities around the world by SCImago Institutions Rankings. In 2017, the Leiden Ranking, which focuses on science and the impact of scientific publications among the world’s 500 major universities, ranked University of Washington 12th globally and 5th in the U.S.

In 2019, Kiplinger Magazine’s review of “top college values” named University of Washington 5th for in-state students and 10th for out-of-state students among U.S. public colleges, and 84th overall out of 500 schools. In the Washington Monthly National University Rankings University of Washington was ranked 15th domestically in 2018, based on its contribution to the public good as measured by social mobility, research, and promoting public service.