From CSIROscope (AU): “Global leaders unveil responsible quantum computing guidelines”

CSIRO bloc

From CSIROscope (AU)

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CSIRO (AU)-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation

20 Jan, 2022
Sophie Schmidt

We’ve joined forces with The World Economic Forum to contribute to best-practice governance principles for quantum technologies.

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Quantum computing is promising to transform the way we think about and understand the world around us. Credit: Shutterstock.

As 2022 arrives full of uncertainty, one thing remains guaranteed: quantum computing is set to step out of the shadows.

Many are announcing quantum technology as the “next big thing” in tech. And it has become a hot topic among investors and research and development (R&D) communities. This is largely because quantum computing has the potential to solve problems that wouldn’t be possible using conventional ‘classical’ computers.

Harder, better, faster, stronger – quantum computing is promising to transform the way we think about and understand the world around us.

Right now, the technology is still at an early stage (as in, no one has built the first practical quantum computer). Even so, excitement is at an all-time high. Health care (pharmaceuticals), climate modelling, machine learning and cybersecurity are just a few examples of where quantum might deliver significant value.

Confused? Don’t worry- quantum computing is inherently confusing.

Hype aside, many of us are still struggling to understand how quantum computing works – and what makes it so ‘new’. And rightly so, according to Professor Jim Rabeau, Director of our Quantum Technologies Future Science Platform (FSP).

“Understanding the power of quantum computing requires us to think differently about how information is processed,” Jim explains.

Quantum computers use ‘qubits’ which can be electrons, photons or other small particles. Only the very non-intuitive science of quantum mechanics can explain the qubit behaviour.

But what’s more useful to focus on is how using quantum mechanics enables us to conduct multiple operations all at once.

Jim compares classical versus quantum computing using the analogy of old-school style phone directories.

“Rather than searching line by line, page by page, imagine being able to instantly find the name and number you are looking for by looking at all pages and all lines at once,” he says.

Quantum computing makes it possible to process vast amounts of information very quickly. This is simply because it is looking at all ‘possibilities’ (or in this case, names and numbers) simultaneously.

“In the case of pharmaceuticals, it means we would be able to very quickly look at all possible structural combinations of atoms and molecules to form the perfect drug to address a particular disease,” Jim says.

“Such things are not feasible with classical computers.”

The bottom line is that the quest to harness the potential of quantum computing is on. We are rapidly making progress to close in on gaps between research and real-world applications.

A (quantum) leap into the unknown

Quantum technology has been on our minds a lot lately. For starters, our researchers are exploring how we could use quantum computers to outperform today’s computers. For example, quantum computers could crack the cryptography protocols that keep our data private, making current security measures virtually useless.

It’s not just post-quantum cryptography we’re exploring. The ethical challenges associated with it need to also be assessed. For example, providing fair and secure data storage and communication systems.

As with any new technology, the assumption is that humans will automatically know to do the right thing – or even that we will agree on what that might be. This is where developing and applying ethical standards and responsible governance guidelines can help.

It’s not entirely about stopping CEOs in tech companies from using the technology for nefarious purposes. That is, as Responsible Innovation FSP Director Dr Justine Lacey says, “a little too simplistic.”

“It suggests that all bad outcomes are merely the result of bad actors,” Justine says.

There will always be a risk of an individual using technology in an unethical way.

“But what’s easier to lose sight of is whether or not a technology is used to generate broad societal benefit. And this also means ensuring it is not used to inadvertently create harmful outcomes, by for example, overlooking certain socioeconomic groups, or undermining cybersecurity measures,” she says.

To help ensure quantum technology benefits everyone, we recently joined forces with the World Economic Forum and contributed to their latest Insight Report released at the World Economic Forum Annual Meeting 2022.

This report outlines a set of governance principles. They are the result of an extensive international multi-sector collaboration with stakeholders from across the globe. Their aim is to help guide responsible design and adoption of quantum technology by applying best-practice governance principles.

New guidelines will help guide responsible quantum

It’s a familiar discussion that has ramped up over the last 10 years around ethics and artificial intelligence (AI). Except this time around, according to Justine, we are getting on the front foot.

“The development of global governance principles for quantum technology presents a rare opportunity to embed responsible innovation practices from a very early stage and well before we have seen wide application, uptake and commercialisation of the technology,” Justine explains.

“It also comes at a time when those in the quantum technology community are starting to consider how the application of this technology may broadly impact our lives and society, and how we can steer its application toward producing more desirable societal outcomes.

“If we look to similar discussions on responsible AI, it is clear a major stumbling block was not the development of high-level ethical principles to guide the development of responsible AI systems. In fact, hundreds of such frameworks and guidelines exist.

“The real and persistent challenge has been in how to effectively operationalise those principles to transform the practice and deployment of those AI systems,” she says.

Recognising this, the Forum has designed quantum technology governance guidelines specifically for adoption by quantum technology stakeholders. They are unique from other new technology ethical guidelines by providing directed guidance and practical ‘off-the shelf’ applicability.

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The World Economic Forum’s latest Insight report outlines a set of governance principles for quantum computing.

Unlocking innovation for decades to come

The guidelines drew on a diverse array of thinking around quantum technology from all over the world.

Justine and Jim are excited to see the guidelines embedded not only in the research and development stage of quantum technology, but through early-stage translation, commercialisation and application.

“It’s an ideal time to be embracing this,” Jim says.

“I am really glad to have people like Justine to work alongside as we ramp up the effort to translate quantum technology research into viable industry applications, with active consideration and implementation of Responsible Innovation from the get-go.”

See the full article here .


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CSIRO (AU)-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation , is Australia’s national science agency and one of the largest and most diverse research agencies in the world.

CSIRO works with leading organisations around the world. From its headquarters in Canberra, CSIRO maintains more than 50 sites across Australia and in France, Chile and the United States, employing about 5,500 people.

Federally funded scientific research began in Australia 104 years ago. The Advisory Council of Science and Industry was established in 1916 but was hampered by insufficient available finance. In 1926 the research effort was reinvigorated by establishment of the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), which strengthened national science leadership and increased research funding. CSIR grew rapidly and achieved significant early successes. In 1949 further legislated changes included renaming the organisation as CSIRO.

Notable developments by CSIRO have included the invention of atomic absorption spectroscopy; essential components of Wi-Fi technology; development of the first commercially successful polymer banknote; the invention of the insect repellent in Aerogard and the introduction of a series of biological controls into Australia, such as the introduction of myxomatosis and rabbit calicivirus for the control of rabbit populations.

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STCA CSIRO Australia Compact Array (AU), six radio telescopes at the Paul Wild Observatory, is an array of six 22-m antennas located about twenty five kilometres (16 mi) west of the town of Narrabri in Australia.

CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (AU) Parkes Observatory, [ Murriyang, the traditional Indigenous name] , located 20 kilometres north of the town of Parkes, New South Wales, Australia, 414.80m above sea level.

CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (AU) Mopra radio telescope

Australian Square Kilometre Array Pathfinder

NASA Canberra Deep Space Communication Complex, AU, Deep Space Network. Credit: The National Aeronautics and Space Agency (US)

CSIRO Canberra campus

ESA DSA 1, hosts a 35-metre deep-space antenna with transmission and reception in both S- and X-band and is located 140 kilometres north of Perth, Western Australia, near the town of New Norcia

CSIRO-Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (AU)CSIRO R/V Investigator.

UK Space NovaSAR-1 satellite (UK) synthetic aperture radar satellite.

CSIRO Pawsey Supercomputing Centre AU)

Magnus Cray XC40 supercomputer at Pawsey Supercomputer Centre Perth Australia

Galaxy Cray XC30 Series Supercomputer at at Pawsey Supercomputer Centre Perth Australia

Pausey Supercomputer CSIRO Zeus SGI Linux cluster

Others not shown

SKA

SKA- Square Kilometer Array

SKA Square Kilometre Array low frequency at Murchison Widefield Array, Boolardy station in outback Western Australia on the traditional lands of the Wajarri peoples.

EDGES telescope in a radio quiet zone at the Murchison Radio-astronomy Observatory in Western Australia, on the traditional lands of the Wajarri peoples.