From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US) : “Fermilab and INFN sign 3 arrangements”

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From DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US) , an enduring source of strength for the US contribution to scientific research worldwide.

July 16, 2021
Hema Ramamoorthi

[I do not usually cover these sort of contractual news articles; but this is a big deal for both parties. This actually strengthens the U.S. position in Particle Physics and High Energy Physics which we ceded to Europe when our idiots cancelled the Superconducting Super Collider and allowed the finding of the Higgs Boson at the Large Hdron Collider, which was at 14TeV about one third the power the SSC would have achieved. Our overall position in HEP is still strong but under the radar: many of the superconducting magnets for the LHC are built at DOE’s Brookhaven, Lawrence Berkeley, and Fermi National Laboratories. Also, there are 600 scentists on the Atlas(CH) project at Brookhaven and 1,000 scientists on CMS[CH] at Fermilab, and there are other noted scientists in our universities who do work at and for the LHC. Sorry, for the editorial, but as a science commmunicator, keeping the record straight is my job. I do not write any science as I am not any kind of scientist, but I take science news to over 1,000 readers all over the world and I want to do a good and complete job. Keeping the U.S. position in the Basic and Applied Sciences portrayed accurately is my chosen field.

This is a great contractual agreement for both parties, on a par with all of the contractual agreements surrounding the development of SKA and SARAO. ]

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Fermilab Director Nigel Lockyer (left) and INFN President Antonio Zoccoli sign the three arrangements. Credit: Fermilab and INFN.

The U.S. Department of Energy’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory signed three international arrangements in June with the National Institute for Nuclear Physics, known as INFN, the Italian research agency dedicated to the study of the fundamental constituents of matter and the laws that govern them. Under the supervision of the MIUR – Italian Ministry of Education, University and Research (IT), the INFN conducts theoretical and experimental research in the fields of subnuclear, nuclear, particle and astroparticle physics.

The three arrangements include:

a Multi-Institutional Memorandum of Understanding for the FNAL Short Baseline Neutrino Program hosted at Fermilab;
a Project Planning Document for the PIP-II particle accelerator project at Fermilab; and
a legally binding agreement with INFN -National Laboratory of Frascati [Laboratori Nazionali di Frascati] (IT) to develop a superconducting undulator for the EuPRAXIA advanced accelerator project.

“Our INFN partners are internationally recognized leaders in advanced particle accelerator technologies in general and superconducting radio-frequency technology in particular,” said PIP-II Project Director Lia Merminga. “Fermilab and the PIP-II project are grateful to INFN for their expertise and contributions in building a state-of-the-art particle accelerator powering the world’s most intense neutrino beam. These contributions will help drive groundbreaking discoveries in particle physics for the next 50 years.”

See the full article here.


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Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (US), located just outside Batavia, Illinois, near Chicago, is a United States Department of Energy national laboratory specializing in high-energy particle physics. Since 2007, Fermilab has been operated by the Fermi Research Alliance, a joint venture of the University of Chicago, and the Universities Research Association (URA). Fermilab is a part of the Illinois Technology and Research Corridor.

Fermilab’s Tevatron was a landmark particle accelerator; until the startup in 2008 of the Large Hadron Collider(CH) near Geneva, Switzerland, it was the most powerful particle accelerator in the world, accelerating antiprotons to energies of 500 GeV, and producing proton-proton collisions with energies of up to 1.6 TeV, the first accelerator to reach one “tera-electron-volt” energy. At 3.9 miles (6.3 km), it was the world’s fourth-largest particle accelerator in circumference. One of its most important achievements was the 1995 discovery of the top quark, announced by research teams using the Tevatron’s CDF and DØ detectors. It was shut down in 2011.

In addition to high-energy collider physics, Fermilab hosts fixed-target and neutrino experiments, such as MicroBooNE (Micro Booster Neutrino Experiment), NOνA (NuMI Off-Axis νe Appearance) and SeaQuest. Completed neutrino experiments include MINOS (Main Injector Neutrino Oscillation Search), MINOS+, MiniBooNE and SciBooNE (SciBar Booster Neutrino Experiment). The MiniBooNE detector was a 40-foot (12 m) diameter sphere containing 800 tons of mineral oil lined with 1,520 phototube detectors. An estimated 1 million neutrino events were recorded each year. SciBooNE sat in the same neutrino beam as MiniBooNE but had fine-grained tracking capabilities. The NOνA experiment uses, and the MINOS experiment used, Fermilab’s NuMI (Neutrinos at the Main Injector) beam, which is an intense beam of neutrinos that travels 455 miles (732 km) through the Earth to the Soudan Mine in Minnesota and the Ash River, Minnesota, site of the NOνA far detector. In 2017, the ICARUS neutrino experiment was moved from CERN to Fermilab.
In the public realm, Fermilab is home to a native prairie ecosystem restoration project and hosts many cultural events: public science lectures and symposia, classical and contemporary music concerts, folk dancing and arts galleries. The site is open from dawn to dusk to visitors who present valid photo identification.
Asteroid 11998 Fermilab is named in honor of the laboratory.
Weston, Illinois, was a community next to Batavia voted out of existence by its village board in 1966 to provide a site for Fermilab.

The laboratory was founded in 1969 as the National Accelerator Laboratory; it was renamed in honor of Enrico Fermi in 1974. The laboratory’s first director was Robert Rathbun Wilson, under whom the laboratory opened ahead of time and under budget. Many of the sculptures on the site are of his creation. He is the namesake of the site’s high-rise laboratory building, whose unique shape has become the symbol for Fermilab and which is the center of activity on the campus.
After Wilson stepped down in 1978 to protest the lack of funding for the lab, Leon M. Lederman took on the job. It was under his guidance that the original accelerator was replaced with the Tevatron, an accelerator capable of colliding protons and antiprotons at a combined energy of 1.96 TeV. Lederman stepped down in 1989. The science education center at the site was named in his honor.
The later directors include:

John Peoples, 1989 to 1996
Michael S. Witherell, July 1999 to June 2005
Piermaria Oddone, July 2005 to July 2013
Nigel Lockyer, September 2013 to the present

Fermilab continues to participate in the work at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC); it serves as a Tier 1 site in the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid.

DOE’s Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory(US)/MINERvA Reidar Hahn.

FNAL Don Lincoln.

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