From Curtin University (AU) via Science Alert (AU) : “Astronomers Trace Wild 22-Million-Year Journey of a Meteorite That Crashed to Earth”

From Curtin University (AU)

via

ScienceAlert

Science Alert (AU)

23 APRIL 2021
DAVID NIELD

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(ANU SkyMapper telescope images of asteroid 2018 LA. (Christian Wolf and colleagues/Australian National University (AU))

The asteroid 2018 LA crashed into Earth in the Kalahari Desert on 2 June 2018 – and now scientists have been able to trace it back 22 million years to the place where it originated from.

This is the first time a meteorite’s entire voyage to Earth has been charted in this way, and it’s only the second time that we’ve ever had the opportunity to observe an asteroid in space before it enters the atmosphere and becomes a meteor.

Based on those early observations, analysis of the recovered meteorite fragments, and various other factors, a new study pinpoints the origin of 2018 LA as Vesta – the Solar System’s second largest asteroid and the only one that can sometimes be seen from Earth with the naked eye.


ORIGNAL CCTV Footage of Asteroid 2018 LA (ZLAF9B2)

“Analysis of the meteorite indicates it was deeply buried under the surface of Vesta prior to being ejected all those years ago,” says astronomer Hadrien Devillepoix, from Curtin University in Perth.

“This achievement is complementary to sample-return probes like Hayabusa2. This research allows us to progressively map out the composition of the asteroid belt, and we can get a better idea of the type of material Earth-threatening asteroids are made of.”

Key to the analysis was the images of 2018 LA in space that were picked up by the ANU SkyMapper telescope in Australia.

These pictures were added together with data from other telescopes, and local CCTV footage that showed the last few moments before impact in Botswana, to figure out where the meteorite had come from.

The fragments discovered in the field offered more clues: techniques including spectroscopy and microtomography were used to determine that the rocks matched up with those from the 2015 Sariçiçek meteorite, which also came from Vesta.

“Billions of years ago, two giant impacts on Vesta created a family of larger, more dangerous asteroids. The newly recovered meteorites gave us a clue on when those impacts might have happened,” explains one of the team, SETI Institute (US) astronomer Peter Jenniskens.

Both the 2015 and 2018 objects are Howardite Eucrite Diogenite (HED) meteorites, so called because of their chemical and mineral compositions.

Plotting these meteorites back to their origins in space, through the use of chemical analysis and computer modeling, tells us more about those origins too – the Veneneia basin on Vesta where these asteroids first detached.

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Different fragments of 2018 LA. (ANU).

“The oldest known materials found in both Vesta and in the meteorite are zircon grains that date back to more than 4.5 billion years ago, during the early phase of the Solar System,” says astronomer Christopher Onken, from the Australian National University (ANU).

When the 2018 LA asteroid hit Earth’s atmosphere, it was travelling at some 60,000 kilometers-per-hour (37,282 mph), the data show. It would have had a 1.5-meter (4.9-foot) diameter, and a weight of about 5,700 kilograms (12,566 pounds).

The meteor would have broken up around 27 kilometers (16.8 miles) above ground, the researchers established, creating a glow 20,000 times brighter than the full Moon as it entered Earth’s atmosphere.

A total of 23 meteorite fragments were ultimately recovered as researchers triangulated the location of the fall, and spent days scouring the ground at the Central Kalahari Game Reserve, kept safe from leopards and lions by national parks staff.

“The meteorite is named ‘Motopi Pan’ after a local watering hole,” said geoscientist Mohutsiwa Gabadirwe of the Botswana Geoscience Institute (BW). “This meteorite is a national treasure of Botswana.”

The research is due to be published in Meteoritics and Planetary Science[no link].

See the full article here .

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Curtin University (AU) (formerly known as Curtin University of Technology and Western Australian Institute of Technology) is an Australian public research university based in Bentley and Perth, Western Australia. The university is named after the 14th Prime Minister of Australia, John Curtin, and is the largest university in Western Australia, with over 58,000 students (as of 2016).

Curtin would like to pay respect to the indigenous members of our community by acknowledging the traditional owners of the land on which the Perth campus is located, the Wadjuk people of the Nyungar Nation; and on our Kalgoorlie campus, the Wongutha people of the North-Eastern Goldfields.

Curtin was conferred university status after legislation was passed by the Parliament of Western Australia in 1986. Since then, the university has been expanding its presence and has campuses in Singapore, Malaysia, Dubai and Mauritius. It has ties with 90 exchange universities in 20 countries. The University comprises five main faculties with over 95 specialists centres. The University formerly had a Sydney campus between 2005 & 2016. On 17 September 2015, Curtin University Council made a decision to close its Sydney campus by early 2017.

Curtin University is a member of Australian Technology Network (ATN), and is active in research in a range of academic and practical fields, including Resources and Energy (e.g., petroleum gas), Information and Communication, Health, Ageing and Well-being (Public Health), Communities and Changing Environments, Growth and Prosperity and Creative Writing.

It is the only Western Australian university to produce a PhD recipient of the AINSE gold medal, which is the highest recognition for PhD-level research excellence in Australia and New Zealand.

Curtin has become active in research and partnerships overseas, particularly in mainland China. It is involved in a number of business, management, and research projects, particularly in supercomputing, where the university participates in a tri-continental array with nodes in Perth, Beijing, and Edinburgh. Western Australia has become an important exporter of minerals, petroleum and natural gas. The Chinese Premier Wen Jiabao visited the Woodside-funded hydrocarbon research facility during his visit to Australia in 2005.