From University of Waterloo: “Researchers can now investigate the deep ocean without damaging fragile ecosystems”

U Waterloo bloc

From University of Waterloo

March 13, 2020

Researchers at the University of Waterloo have found an environmentally friendly way to explore life in the depths of the ocean.

Using a new application of a sampling technique called solid phase microextraction (SPME), researchers collected samples from deep sea vent ecosystems to study the biological and ecological processes that occur there, without damaging the surrounding organisms.

“The deep sea vents that we are studying are the type of environment that existed at the beginning of earth’s creation,” said Janusz Pawliszyn, a chemistry professor at Waterloo and an author of this study. “Understanding the ecology and chemistry around these vents could eventually give us information on how life originated.”

2
The SPME sampler being held by remotely operated vehicle at the underwater sampling location in the South Pacific Ocean. Image credit: NOAA and Schmidt Ocean Institute.

SPME is an environmentally responsible option because it eliminates the use of large amounts of liquid traditionally needed to isolate molecules from water samples at the surface. In SPME analysis, a thin film coating is exposed to a water sample, directly absorbing small carbon-based molecules used for analysis.

“When taking water samples to the surface, you actually remove something, including the microorganisms in the water – it’s like taking a biopsy of the water,” said Pawliszyn. “We’re not doing this, so it’s less invasive to the deep sea ecosystems.”

Additionally, by separating the molecules deep underwater as opposed to on the surface, there is no change to pressure or light conditions, which can change the molecules in the sample before they can be studied.

“SPME represents a truer representation of the compounds close to the vents, and it’s better for the underwater environment” said Pawliszyn. “We’ve been able to measure lipids, organo-sulfur compounds, and other organic molecules which are an indication of life in these ecosystems.”

This study is the first step in investigating the chemical conditions of life in deep ocean ecosystems, and demonstrates the viability of SPME technology for sampling these environments in sustainable ways.

This research, Unique Solid Phase Microextraction Sampler Reveals Distinctive Biogeochemical Profiles among Various Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vents, was recently published in Scientific Reports by Jonathan James Grandy, Bora Onat, and Pawliszyn from the University of Waterloo, in conjunction with Verena Tunnicliffe from the University of Victoria, and David Butterfield from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

See the full article here .

five-ways-keep-your-child-safe-school-shootings

Please help promote STEM in your local schools.

Stem Education Coalition

U Waterloo campus

In just half a century, the Waterloo, located at the heart of Canada’s technology hub, has become a leading comprehensive university with nearly 36,000 full- and part-time students in undergraduate and graduate programs.

Consistently ranked Canada’s most innovative university, Waterloo is home to advanced research and teaching in science and engineering, mathematics and computer science, health, environment, arts and social sciences. From quantum computing and nanotechnology to clinical psychology and health sciences research, Waterloo brings ideas and brilliant minds together, inspiring innovations with real impact today and in the future.

As home to the world’s largest post-secondary co-operative education program, Waterloo embraces its connections to the world and encourages enterprising partnerships in learning, research, and commercialization. With campuses and education centres on four continents, and academic partnerships spanning the globe, Waterloo is shaping the future of the planet.