From Frontier Fields: :”Hubble Observations: From the Sky to the Ground”

Frontier Fields

April 1, 2014
Ann Jenkins

This post is part one in a two-part series.

How does what Hubble sees become what you see? The first part involves moving science data from the sky to the ground—a complicated matter.

When Hubble views an astronomical target, the digital information from that observation is stored onboard the telescope’s solid-state data recorders. The telescope records all of its science data to prevent any possible loss of unique information. Hubble’s flight operations team at Goddard Space Flight Center, in Greenbelt, Maryland manages the content of these recorders.

NASA Hubble Telescope
NASA/ESA Hubble in all of its glory

Four antennae aboard Hubble send and receive information between the telescope and the ground. To communicate with the flight operations team, Hubble uses a group of NASA satellites called the Tracking and Data Relay Satellite System (TDRSS). Located in various positions across the sky, the TDRSS satellites provide nearly continuous communications coverage with Hubble.

Hubble’s operators periodically transmit the data from Hubble through TDRSS to TDRSS’s ground terminal at White Sands, New Mexico. From there, the data are sent via landline to Goddard to ensure their completeness and accuracy.

Goddard then transfers the data over landlines to the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore, Maryland for processing, calibration, and archiving. There, they are translated into scientific information, such as wavelength and brightness, and ultimately into the iconic images that have become the hallmark of Hubble.

We’ll discuss how those images are made in a future post.


Image Credit: Ann Feild, STScI

See the full article here.

Frontier Fields draws on the power of massive clusters of galaxies to unleash the full potential of the Hubble Space Telescope. The gravity of these clusters warps and magnifies the faint light of the distant galaxies behind them. Hubble captures the boosted light, revealing the farthest galaxies humanity has ever encountered, and giving us a glimpse of the cosmos to be unveiled by the James Webb Space Telescope.

NASA Hubble Telescope
NASA James Webb Telescope

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